Potential Kinetic Effects of EMD on Tectonics
As previously described, the Al Jafr Basin is about 200 km in diameter and, as an impact crater, would be considered quite big on Earth. The large size may be explained by the different causal mechanism. Many craters studied are thought to have been formed by a force equation with higher mass values and a relatively lower impact velocity than the proposed EMD. Whereas the potential EMD impact crater is theoretically thought to have been caused by high-density concentrations of lower mass sub-atomic-particle clusters that are moving at extremely high-velocity with a very strong magnetic current, possibly resembling an electrostatic discharge (ESD) of Earth lightning. Given this scenario, the forces generated by impact would be most impressive and capable of the notable down-thrust surface deformation in Jordan in addition to sudden regional and global tectonic plate movements jolted by the powerful bolt of energy. These kinetic forces and seismic reactions would in turn cause a plethora of destructive tumult and resultant tsunami; accordingly, we would expect to find corroborating evidence. To display this point, Figure 4
highlights several macroscopic geologic anomalies that are potentially attributable to the proposed EMD impact forces, so let’s consider for a moment what this destruction might have entailed and review those anomalies in more detail. A similar treatment of this observation was enumerated in the Atlantis-Bakhu Project data.
In the apparent absence of any applicable research on this scale (with the notable exception of isostatic rebound from glacial melting), we have had to make a few assumptions regarding tectonic mechanics resulting from strong forces, briefly sustained, applied over a large surface area of adjoining crustal plates; plates which are themselves effectively floating on the viscous mantle. It seems reasonable to rely on an epeirogenic thought experiment involving a rather large and thick iceberg-sheet in the shape of the African Plate which is imperceptibly floating on a calm sea. By applying a large sustained downward force across a wide-spread area on the north-eastern aspects of the ice-berg sheet, the apparent increase in weight would depress the massive body there; and on the northwestern margin, a fulcrum and lever effect (Figure 4) would cause a resultant uplift. In a case involving the African Plate, since it is floating on a hot viscous mantle much like very dense clay, after the downward force waned in the NE, the sudden catastrophic accelerated epeirogenic movement caused by the fulcrum and lever effect would have left in situ the northwestern margin uplifted, as we find it today. An upheaval of this magnitude would have surely left geologic evidence in many locations as testament of its ferocious intensity. Therefore, this argument suggests that the wide distribution of down-thrust EMD forces in an area located over the tectonic boundaries connecting the Arabian, Eurasian and African Plates, would cause measurable regional deformation effects stretching from about the 28th to the 38th Latitude and from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) to the Zagros Mountains. A subsequent review of geologic data has in fact provided several tectonic studies that are investigating stretching, tearing and uplift anomalies on the thin newly formed seafloor approaching and along the MAR at the western most extension of the northern aspects of the African Plate. These anomalies are transform and non-transform fault movements including uplifts inconsistent with current models. In addition, there exists on the western side of the plate margin (i.e., on the North American Plate) a rather large unexplained submarine mountain called the Atlantis Massif that could be evidence of a transfer of uplift energy across the MAR.
Moving eastward in Figure 4 from the veritably thin seafloor at the MAR to the thick African continent, the proposed uplift would have been most pronounced in the Atlas Mountain chain since it is located at the western-most spot on the diagrammatic fulcrum and lever model. It is here in the Saharan-Atlas that we have identified an apparently large suspected Greco-Egyptian myth based archaeological site at an elevation of about 1500 feet. This elevation is frustratingly problematic because the site is is thought to be intimately associated with an ancient tribe whose mythical culture and economy was recorded to be based significantly on a marine environment. Thus, it was the uncovering of this particular site at such an unexpected height above current sea levels that prompted the overarching investigation into tectonics and impact phenomena which has ultimately led to a focus on the peculiarities of the Al Jafr Basin – peculiarities shown to resemble a very powerful EMD impact.
In the east, where the African and Eurasian Plates are in direct interaction with the relatively small Arabian Plate, two groupings of geologic anomalies studied in the Zagros Mountains area may also be explained by the sudden macroscopic deformations of the crustal plates depicted in our model. The first of these Zagros anomalies is a series of reactivation fractures or fault zones that are clumsy in current models. Our hemispheric fulcrum and lever diagram indicates that if the western aspects of the African Plate were uplifted as we’ve proposed, then the eastern-most region of the gigantic plate would have been violently down-thrust displacing the mantle beneath while transferring a copious amount of initial down-thrust energy across and along the NW to SE line connecting it to the Arabian Plate. Reasoning on this macroscopic scale, a transfer of initial down-thrust force along the Arabian Plate margin would have been quickly released as the African Plate slipped past the smaller plate resulting in rapid rebounding uplift of the Arabian Plate all along the common plate margin.
It may help to visualize this dynamic by remembering the old Victorian game now known as Tiddlywinks which uses a Squidger and a Wink to transfer energy from one game piece to another. In our model, the large African Plate would have acted as a Squidger upon the much smaller Arabian Plate or Wink. When the African Plate (Squidger) applied its down-thrust forces along the margins of the Arabian Plate (Wink), it initially would have caused a slight down-thrust subsidence, but as the greater force of the African Plate suddenly slipped past the margin of the Arabian Plate, a very energetic rebounding effect would have resulted in a rapid and uniform uplift along the NW-SE line of the southwestern aspect of the Arabian Plate. This in turn, could have violently tipped the Arabian Plate slightly NE, fracturing the craton boundary along the slopes of the Zagros Mountains, leaving a series of reactivation areas/fault zones in its seismically turbulent wake. As our model predicts, the general topography of the Arabian Plate is in fact uniformly elevated along the African Plate margin and appears to be tipping down in the NE along a similar NW to SE margin with the Zagros Mountain Chain.
The second group of Zagros anomalies potentially explained by our uniform uplifting and tipping model focuses on perplexing Bougure gravity data at the subducting boundary between the Arabian and Eurasian plates. We suggest that the uniform tipping of the Arabian Plate to the NE would project that NE margin deeper into the mantle causing the development of a gap between the subducting Arabian Plate and the Eurasian Plate beneath the Zagros Region. Since these plates typically rest upon each other, the sudden creation of a gap would reduce the pressure on the plates. This would allow plastic expansion of lithosphere into the gap effectively reducing its density and thereby fitting rather well with current measurements where the material in this region is conjectured to be of lower density based on the gravity readings. Additionally, there has been an unusual earthquake detected at over 100 km below the surface which exceeds the expected plate depth in this area. Our proposed Arabian Plate dynamic would allow for this earthquake since, as mentioned above, the uniform tipping motion would have thrust the NE margin of the plate deeper into the action of the mantle allowing earthquakes at greater depths. So, it seems that anomalous field measurements such as Bougure gravity data and deep seismic activity can be generally accounted for by our model’s super-down-thrust movement of the Arabian Plate.
Returning to the African Plate for our next anomaly, we want to focus attention on findings from a recent investigation using advanced space platform imaging equipment known as SIR-C/X-SAR flown on Space Shuttle Endeavor in 1994. This generation of imager, more capable of penetrating arid soils with good resolution, has revealed in conjunction with field data that the Nile River once may have flowed directly north through an extinct river valley known as the Wadi Gabgaba instead of bypassing it as it does today. The findings seem to indicate that the Nile was abruptly redirected as recently as 10,000 years ago by an apparent uplift of the Nubian Swell in Sudan which forced it to flow along neotectonic faults around the Nubian Swell. This perplexing section of the Nile is known as the Great Bend which makes a sweeping loop SW then gradually curves back on its northward journey toward the Mediterranean Sea ultimately rejoining the original valley about 250 miles (~400 km) further north. Since our model in Figure 7 incorporates uplift and deformation of the African Plate which could explain the uplift of the Nubian Swell, and since Plato’s time frame for the massive earthquake (11,566-11, 602 years ago) fits within the geologic-time range (10,000-100,000 years ago) suggested by the Nile study, then we submit that the Great Bend of the Nile could have been caused by the same catastrophic events evidenced at the end of the Younger-Dryas and implicated in the destruction of the economy of the tribal culture at Atlantis-Bakhu.
In a final observation: the geologic anomalies studied in the Zagros Mountains area related to the proposed sudden EMD down-thrust of the Arabian Plate at the end of the Younger Dryas (a movement which may have tipped it slightly NE along the NW to SE line of the Zagros), can be geomythologically connected with a sudden in-flow of sea-water through the Hormuz Strait adding to the formation of the modern Persian Gulf. A basin flooding event of this magnitude on the local population could have been thought of as the entire inundation of the globe, lending itself to formation of mythical flood stories such as Gilgamesh and Noah, in which both protagonists can be geographically connected to this general region.