Additional Thoughts and Insights
There are additional methods beyond those already emphasized for potentially measuring the proposed effects from a hypothetical EMD impact at the Al Jafr Basin. When lightning strikes the Earth’s surface and enters the soil, high-temperatures generated by the transfer of electric energy causes the material to melt and form crude, hollow or tubular, glass called fulgerite. Generally, the shape of an ideal fulgerite is the same as the Lichtenberg figure tree generated in the lab (Figs. 3b & 3c). If the Al Jafr Basin is a depression caused by the impact of an EMD, then perhaps a fulgerite would have been formed at its focus (Fig. 6).
Since the magnitude of this hypothetical impact is so large, with atypical high-temperatures and pressures, the predicted fulgerite under the desert sands would be expected to be the size of a small mountain range formed surrounding a relatively vacuous void nearly 32 km in diameter. A series of boring sites guided by ground penetrating radar or electrical conductivity measurements could readily locate any fused material. Moreover, it seems plausible that the intense pressures associated with the EMD impact could also be sufficient to produce a variety of gem stone veins in the crude glass fulgerite mountain chain.
Following the observations that the high pressure associated with an EMD impact may have been sufficient to form diamond, then the redistribution of ejecta from the impact may have been laden with nanodiamonds which ultimately returned to the surface of Earth along the fallout path. It can be argued that the potential discovery of nanodiamonds at higher latitudes of North America may evidence the ejecta fallout from the Al Jafr impact.
Also, if the wadis draining the western portion of the basin are in fact remnants from electron streamers that have vaporized, pulverized and explosively dispersed strata down to the K/T boundary, possibly redistributing small amounts of iridium into the atmosphere, then tektites, shocked-quartz and/or glass globules should be found under the course and fine stone of the current pathways. And, while remembering the proposed Birkeland current identified in Figure 3c which was apparently traveling in a NNE direction, a deep canyon in northern Israel at the southern base of Mount Carmel (Fig. 7)
known as Wadi Ara or Aruna Pass, could be a repository of measurable artifacts. This particular canyon, located near the historically significant ruins of Megiddo, is cut perpendicular to the dissipating energy and may also preserve evidence of tektites, shocked-quartz, glass globules and/or magnetic anomalies caused by the concentrated energy arcing across the narrow canyon’s walls.
NEW: Though Wells’ work is a position paper and not ready for peer-review, other researchers investigating the YDB sudden climate changes have published an article containing information that may be indirectly supportive of an atypical impact at the Al Jafr basin. In the September 2014 issue of the Journal of Geology, C.R. Kinzie, J. Kennett, et al, present a nanodiamond distribution field graphic (Figure 8: Figure 1 of their paper) resembling a plume and resultant fall-out from an impact. As mentioned, in following the basic entry force equation for Earth impacting bolides, on average the mass of an object is accelerated to about 25-30 km/sec, whereas a solar magnetic eruption can accelerate relatively low mass particles to speeds approaching that of light, or just less than 300,000 km/sec. So, even though particle mass is very low, if magnetically concentrated and accelerated, the force generated can plausibly match or exceed typical impacts. And, though in general similar, the impact deformation at the surface would surely be atypical of standard impacts.
Wells’ unorthodox hypothesis pointing to a concentrated form of solar EMD, a solar particle-beam, if you will, could answer many of the questions related to the formation of the YDB cosmic-impact proxies, including: terrestrial sourced carbon nanodiamonds; iridium redistribution from the K/Pg boundary at the impact site; spherules; charcoal and soot produced from widespread fires; melt-glass; the geometry of the YDB plume fallout; mega fauna extinctions from electrocution; and even provides the impact site.